VW officials did not comment on the indictment, which was filed in secret in March and unsealed today.
Winterkorn resigned days after the scandal over polluting vehicles in the United States became public in September 2015.
The superseding indictment was issued by a federal grand jury in the Eastern District of MI and charges Winterkorn with four counts of violating federal law.
The government says Volkswagen quickly learned about the results of the study and Bernd Gottweis, a senior manager who was responsible for product safety issues, met with employees of the engine development department to discuss it. In March 2017, VW pleaded guilty to the criminal charges and acknowledged that it had installed software created to modulate harmful nitrogen oxide output depending whether the vehicle was being tested or driven on a road.
In total, VW has agreed to spend more than US$25 billion in the U.S. to address claims from owners, environmental regulators, states and dealers.
Eight other individuals have now been charged by United States authorities in the scandal.
The 70-year-old stepped down from the German carmaker in September 2015, following revelations that the company had been cheating on diesel engine emissions tests using software created to dupe regulators.
VW emissions scandal: US charges ex-CEO with conspiracy and fraud
Winterkorn became the ninth person charged in connection with the emissions cheating scandal.
The remaining three counts charge Winterkorn with wire fraud in connection with the scheme.
Prosecutors say Winterkorn knew of the company's emissions cheating as early as May 2014 but made a decision to continue with the fraud, the Justice Department said in a statement.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency accused VW of using a so-called "defeat device" on its 2.0-liter turbodiesel.
The indictment also alleges that VW employees recommended the company seek to get approval for 2016 diesel models from US regulators without revealing the existence of the cheating software. One former manager of VW's subsidiary Audi AG, Giovanni Pamio, 61, an Italian citizen, has been charged by complaint and now remains in Germany pending extradition.
Volkswagen already admitted it installed devices on diesel models created to turn on pollution control devices during emissions tests and turn them off when the auto is driven on actual highways. VW executives also approved a script, "consistent with Winterkorn's alleged directive", for a meeting with CARB to hide their emissions cheating.
Winterkorn had served as VW's CEO and management board chairman from January 2007 until September 2015. VW halted the sale of new diesels in the United States after the scandal.
Trump Considering John Kelly to Lead VA
Despite the clarifications, the report was circulated and CNN at one point reported Kelly even used the word "unhinged". Four unnamed sources said that the comment was, in fact, said.
Microsoft begins rolling out the Windows 10 April Update
Redmond has been quiet about the arrival date until Friday, when it announced that the latest Windows 10 Update will debut Monday. Windows 10 now supports voice dictation in any text window, just press the Windows Key + H shortcut and start speaking.
Another major Canadian city, Toronto, is still in the running for Amazon's official second North American headquarters. The announcement details show that Amazon now employs some 1,000 researchers and engineers at its Vancouver facility.
Discounts are set to run from May 3-10, but some of them (including the free Star Wars Pinball 6 offer) are running right now. Get Star Wars Pinball 6 for free, 50% off select Star Wars Pinball tables, and 50% off Knights of the Old Republic .
Whenever Philly started to go on a run in the second half, Rozier was there to stomp out any chance they had at a comeback. His red-shirt status doesn't preclude him from the award any more than Blake Griffin's precluded him from the same.
As per the company's official blog post , now you'll also be able to see which apps and websites are sending data to Facebook . A prototype displayed on screens at the F8 conference showed a heart shape at the top-right corner of the Facebook app.
After the last few days of miserable weather, Brits have been left wondering whether our summer has already been and gone. Temperatures will be warmer than today, especially in the sunnier parts of the country where 13-15c will be typical.
More than 100 Go-exclusive games and apps will also be available to download through the headset's digital storefront. At its F8 developers conference today (May 1), the company released a new VR headset called the Oculus Go.
Tammie Jo Shults and First Officer Darren Ellisor, the pilots, attended, along with three flight attendants and five passengers. One of the passengers has also sued Southwest, saying she has suffered post-traumatic stress disorder.
Jason Witten Should Be First Ballot Hall of Famer
The Dallas Cowboys drafted Witten out of the University of Tennessee in the third round of the 2003 NFL Draft (69th pick overall). Most felt Witten would become a coach after his playing days, but he joked that the broadcaster's lifestyle is a little better.
6 to 8 officers injured in North Haven explosion
Authorities have closed Quinnipiac Avenue between McArthur Road and Pentway Lane until further notice. Reached by phone around 30 minutes later, she said the street was teeming with emergency vehicles.
Rockets vs. Jazz Game 2 preview: Protecting home court
Well well, the Utah Jazz have made this a series with the Houston Rockets . "They are 100 percent in a relationship". The Jazz did hang in there for a bit but this team's firepower was way to great for them to overcome.
Fed: Interest Rates to Remain Steady for Now
It also highlighted that the job gains have been strong in recent months, and the unemployment rate stayed low. On Wednesday, the Fed changed this language to note that business investment "has continued to grow strongly".
Eurozone Manufacturing Growth Slows Again at Start of Q2
This indicator measures perceived changes in activity levels across China's manufacturing sector from one month to the next. Slower increases in new orders and employment caused the weaker growth signaled by the headline PMI, the report added.
Fortnite's Season 4 finally brings the fabled meteors
With the Comet's arrival, Dusty Depot has been obliterated by the Comet and been replaced with an impact site called Dusty Divot. For example, there are new Point of Interests and locations to explore in the wake of the meteor shower.
Trump Slams Mueller: "No Questions on Collusion"
Flynn was sacked just 24 days into the Trump administration for lying about his contacts with the Russian ambassador. Another asks if there were any efforts to reach out to Flynn "about seeking immunity or possible pardon".
No team willing to give mid-round pick for Ereck Flowers
So whenever he decides to come in, we're looking forward to working with him. "He has the ability to make decisions on his own". The last thing the Giants need this season is a malcontent to make life more hard under new coach Pat Shurmur .